Prostate Cancer In Australia
Prostate cancer is one of the leading types of cancers affecting men in Australia and around the world. The prostate is a small gland located near the reproductive organs of men that both produces and transports seminal fluid. This gland is susceptible to cancer and there are several factors that can increase your risk of prostate cancer.
Risk factors are things that can increase your chance of getting prostate cancer. some of the risk factors that men face when it comes to prostate cancer include age, a history of prostate cancer, exposure to certain chemicals, and diet. A research study on prostate cancer in veterans conducted in 2013 By the Portland VA Medical Center with the help of the Oregon Health and Science University discovered that veterans had an increased risk of having prostate cancer. Those who were exposed to the chemical agent orange not only have an increased risk of prostate cancer but they are more likely to get an aggressive form of cancer.
How many cases a year
American Cancer Society has recorded around 170000 cases of prostate cancer in the United States. Over 31,000 deaths occur as a result of some form of prostate cancer. The rate that men can get prostate cancer is around 1 and 9. This does not apply to women as they do not have a prostate gland. Women have a similar type of gland called the skene glands, but they do not have prostate glands. So out of every nine people, around one of them will have a prostate cancer diagnosis at some point in your life.
Can women get prostate cancer
As mentioned earlier, women cannot get prostate cancer since I do not have prostates. This does not mean that they are not susceptible to a similar type of cancer. Since women have skene glands around the same area and with similar attributes as the man’s prostate their skin glands are there for at a similar risk of exposure to cancer. There have also been some medically recorded cases of females having a prostate so it is possible but it is very, very rare.
What are the symptoms
Common symptoms that can occur as a result of prostate cancer include an inability to urinate, needing to urinate frequently, having blood in the year and, or pain during urination or sex. If the prostate is swollen as a result of the Cancer’s progression it can also be painful to sit since the prostate is enlarged. Some symptoms of prostate cancer that is very Advanced include fracturing of the bone or bone pain, edema or swelling in the legs and feet Karma other aches and body pains, and being generally tired at all times.
How it’s treated
The way prostate cancer is treated can vary depending on the severity and patient. Sometimes doctors may not prescribe Generic Proscar right away and will continue to monitor things such as blood levels. Since prostate cancer grows at a very slow rate the risk of having severe issues as a result side effects may not be as severe and careful consideration can be given to treatments.
The most common way that prostate cancer is treated is with surgery where a surgeon will try to cut out the cancer cells as well as the prostate gland itself. This can be done using open surgery as well as a special laparoscopic procedure.
An alternative to having surgery is radiation therapy. Radiation therapy is when machines similar to x-rays induce radiation waves into the body at high levels killing off the cancerous cells. There are severe side effects such as radiation sickness that accompany any type of radiation treatment and this is often not the preferred method of treatment for most patients.
Conformal radiation therapy
An alternative method of radiation therapy is called conformal radiation therapy which is when the radiation is targeted which is a very specific area in hopes of minimizing the risk of damage to the surrounding healthy cells. This procedure uses special beams that are varying intensities and capable of delivering the concentrated doses of radiation to particular areas. Although the side effects may less severe than traditional radiation therapy, there are often still side effects.